The University of Sheffield
Department of Civil and Structural Engineering
Civil Modules

Current Module Sheet

The information contained within this module sheet is subject to change at any time.

CIV6733 Postgraduate Module

Advanced Hydraulics

Credits: 15

Semester : Autumn

Pre-requisities : None

Year offered: 2017-18

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Prof. Steven Thornton

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Module Description:

This unit aims to provide a solid base for the analysis of water flows in closed and open ducts. The module provides basic physical insights of the dynamics of laminar and turbulent flows in pipes and open channels. It will also give the student a detailed overview of the governing equations and assumptions involved in their application at different scales of analysis. Students will gain understanding and competence in the analysis of flows in different contexts and the practical application of these to solve common water engineering problems.


To develop knowledge and understanding of the physical phenomena associated to well known problems in Hydraulic EngineeringTo develop a critical view of the different approaches used to  design engineering systems across different scales.To develop an independent approach to learning in a postgraduate environment.

Learning Outcomes:

[1] The module will provide elements that will help the student to analyse hydraulic engineering problems from a physical perspective. This will support the application of formal and traditional approaches.

[2] The module will provide elements for the evaluation of the suitability of formal approaches for the solution of a broad range of problems in hydraulic engineering.

[3] The module will promote independent learning, and for this, it is expected that the students will intensively use available learning resources.


The assessment will measure both theoretical and mathematical understanding of the module content. This will be assessed by a 2 hr final exam, comprising mathematical analysis and solution of problems from the range of topics covered in the module.

Please note, these assessments may be subject to change.






Written Exam Invigilated (LO1,LO2,LO3) 100 2
Autumn Exam Period
Autumn Results Day

Assessment Preparation:

This course is assessed 100% by examination to ensure that key principles have been learnt and can be recalled. It is supported by individual and group-based practical lab classes in the Diamond, which are compulsory and intended to re-inforce student learning.

Exam Preparation Folder


Feedback is given through regular class discussions of the lecture content, in-class exercises, tutorials and the final exam

Teaching Methods :

Before each session, the students will be required to read selected and optional literature and core text books supporting the module. The content will be discussed formally during the lectures. Individual learning and reading is at the core of this module. Compulsory laboratory sessions are scheduled in the Diamond water laboratories to help the student to improve the physical and technical understanding of the problems discussed during the lectures.

Please note, these are the approximate hours spent on each teaching activity.




Lectures Present key concepts, theory and analysis methods 28
Laboratory Sessions Demonstrate concepts, theory and methods and develop key skills 8
Independent Study(including Prep for Assessment) Private Study 112
Invigilated Examination Written Examination 2

Outline of Syllabus:

A total of 7 lectures (approx. 180 min duration each ) and 3 laboratory sessions  will be delivered during this module. The outline content of the lectures are:
HydrostaticsThe nature of fluids, including Newtonian and Non-newtonian fluidsWater pressure and forces on immersed bodiesBuoyancyCommon methods to measure water pressure

Principles of fluid flow
Classification of fluid flow
Shear stress and shear velocity in fluid flowLaminar and turbulent flow
Visualising flow patterns
Governing Equations : Conservation of mass, momentum and energyGoverning Equations : Derivation of the Bernoulli equation
Flow in pipes and closed conduitsFluid velocity and flow disturbances related to fluid viscosity and shear stress
Turbulent and laminar velocity profilesFlow characterisation using the Reynolds numberBoundary layers
Energy losses from a physical and empirical perspective; The moody Diagram
Flow in open channels
One dimensional approximation.Energy losses : The Manning EquationMomentum balance in open channels
Sediment transport in open channels
Governing Equations

Groundwater flow
Physical properties of aquifers controlling groundwater flowTypes of aquifersPressure and fluid flow in groundwater systemsGoverning Equations : Darcy's LawFlowlines and equipotential lines


Health & Safety:


Recommended Reading:

(Click to see)

[1] Recommended
Andrew Chadwick, John Morfett and Martin Borthwick.
Hydraulics in Civil and Environmental Engineering. Taylor & Francis

Merle Potter, David Wiggert, Bassem Ramadan and Tom
Shih. Mechanics of Fluids. Cengage Learning

Introducing groundwater (Second Edition). Michael Price

[2] Recommended
Andrew Chadwick, John Morfett and Martin Borthwick.
Hydraulics in Civil and Environmental Engineering. Taylor & Francis

[3] Recommended
Merle Potter, David Wiggert, Bassem Ramadan and Tom
Shih. Mechanics of Fluids. Cengage Learning

[4] Recommended
Introducing groundwater (Second Edition). Michael Price